Calcium disorders refer to disruptions in the normal balance of calcium levels in the body, leading to either excess or insufficient amounts of this essential mineral. Calcium plays a crucial role in various physiological processes, including bone health, muscle function, nerve transmission, and blood clotting.
Elevated blood cortisol, a stress hormone, can contribute to various health issues, including weight gain, diabetes, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, PCOS, and notably, cardiovascular disease.
Homeostasis is the body’s ability to adapt continuously — in order to maintain stable internal conditions despite external environmental shifts. At the heart of this intricate regulatory system lies the endocrine feedback loop — the foundational mechanism by which the body achieves and sustains homeostasis.
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body’s cells become less responsive to the effects of insulin, a hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is central for regulating blood sugar (glucose) levels, facilitating the uptake of glucose by cells for energy.
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing the risk of heart disease, NASH, and type 2 diabetes. The precise medical definition and diagnostic criteria may vary slightly among different organizations, but a widely accepted definition is provided by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III).
As an endocrinologist, a clear understanding of endocrine feedback loops is paramount. These loops play a vital role in visualizing the endocrine system and, more importantly, in practicing endocrinology correctly.
Diabetes can have significant consequences on the liver, both directly and indirectly. The liver plays a critical role in regulating blood sugar levels and metabolizing various nutrients. Here are some of the consequences of diabetes on liver health.
Beta cells are a type of specialized cell found in the pancreas, an important organ in the digestive and endocrine systems of the human body. These cells are primarily known for their role in regulating blood sugar levels by producing and secreting the hormone insulin. Here is are some important facts about beta cells:
Insulin is a vital hormone produced by the pancreas. It plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar (glucose) levels and is essential for maintaining overall health. Here are some key aspects of insulin.
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by elevated levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. This occurs either because the body cannot produce enough insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar, or because the body’s cells do not respond effectively to the insulin that is produced.
Endocrinology is a field of medical science that focuses on the study of hormones and the endocrine system. It’s a branch of medicine that plays a vital role in maintaining our overall health and well-being.
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States and worldwide. In the US alone, a person dies from cardiovascular-related causes every 33 seconds. Therefore, it is crucial to develop new therapies that aim to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.